What are Minerals?

What do you need to know about Minerals?

Minerals also known as mineral nutrients or mineral substances (I will stay with minerals) are essential inorganic nutrients. We need to have an intake of them via nutrition to stay healthy and to survive.

Compared to vitamins the difference is, that minerals cannot be destroyed through heat, light and air (oxidation).

Minerals can be classified in two groups:

The bulk- and macro elements with a concentration of more than 50 mg per kg body weight. Some representatives are calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and chlorine.

The trace- and micro elements with a concentration of less than 50 mg per kg body weight. Some representatives are iron, copper, zinc and phosphorus.


What are typical functions of minerals?

Minerals are important and essential within many metabolic processes and they are there to built up body substances like bones and muscles.

Without them our bodybalance gets out of equilibrium as they are regulating the acid-base balance and the water balance.

And moreover minerals are responsible for the communication of the nerve system.


What happens if we have mineral deficiencies or an oversupply?

Mineral deficiencies can cause minor effects, which are just a bit annoying, but they can also cause major effects which can be life-threatening. With a balanced diet and a healthy life it is normally unusual to suffer from mineral deficiencies. But if we have a one sided diet with fastfood, alcohol and so on, have much stress, are sick, exercising excessively then the possibility for a deficiency increases. Especially the one sided diet can also develop to an oversupply of minerals.

Here are some examples of being out of equilibrium with your mineral balance:

If you are a sport enthusiastic, you will probably know the uncomfortable feeling of a calf-cramp.

You are feeling tired and fatigue and you have no clue where it comes from. A lack of minerals can be the reason.

Another common possible symptom of an absence of minerals can be brittle bones or teeth as a result of degeneration or a slow generation of bone mass.

And if we are looking on the functions of minerals in our body we can discover that a shortage of minerals can interrupt or slow down metabolic processes. That includes the function of the nerve system, the composition of body substances and the balance of acids and bases as well as our water balance.


Now it is your turn. Did you experience one of the above described or another deficiency concerning minerals? Knowing your experiences will give me the possibility to help you out of your indisposition into a healthier life.